Assignment on Robot Simulation

 1. What is a robot 

A robot is a machine that can move and do certain tasks

2. What do you understand by the term, robotics? 

ROBOTICS is technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots in automation.

3. What are the Laws of robotics? 

  • The first law states that a robot shall not harm a human being.
  • The second law states that a robot shall obey any instruction given to it by a human.
  • The third law is that a robot should avoid actions or situations that could cause harm to itself.

4. State the different types of grippers used in material handling? 

There are four types of robotic grippers: vacuum grippers, pneumatic grippers, hydraulic grippers, and servo-electric grippers.

5. Explain various joints used in robots. 

[1] Rotational joint

[2] Linear joint

[3] Twisting joint

[4] Orthogonal

[5] Revolving joint

6. What are the different methods of robot programming? 

  • The Teach Method
  • Hand Guiding/Lead-Through Programming
  • Offline Robot Programming

7. What do you understand by "humanoid robot"? 

A humanoid robot is a robot resembling the human body in shape.

8. Explain the term Payload. 

the load carried by a vehicle exclusive of what is necessary for its operation.

9. Explain criteria for gripper design.

 Should include appropriate finger length, grip force, stroke, actuation time, accuracy, etc

10. Explain the three DOFs associated with the end effector of an industrial robot.

Robot End-effector is classified into four general types based on physical effect usage to achieve a stable grasp amongst the gripper and the object to be grabbed. Impactive Gripper: These are jaws or claws that exhibit physical grasping directly impacting the object.

11. Classification of robots according to work volume

Robots can be classified as Cartesian, Cylindrical, Spherical, Articulated, SCARA, and Delta.

12. Define automation. 

 Automation can be defined as a technology concerned with performing a process by means of programmed commands combined with automatic feedback control to ensure proper execution of the instructions.

13. What are the different strategies in automation?

  • Specialization of operations
  • Combined operations.
  • Simultaneous operations.
  • Integration of operations.
  • Increased flexibility.
  • Improved material handling and storage.
  • On-line inspection.

14. How does computer-aided process planning differs from traditional process planning.

Unlike a Variant Process Planning system that modifies existing plans, each process plan could be defined automatically, independent of past routings. As improvements are made to production efficiencies, the improvements are automatically incorporated into the current product mix.
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