# Design of Masonry Structures MCQ Civil Questions and Answers

Design of Masonry Structures MCQ Civil Multiple Choice Questions and Answers. Prepare Top Interview Questions and Answers for Civil Engineering Interview Questions, Mechanical Engineering Interview Questions, Electrical Engineering Interview Questions, Online preparation tests for Engineering Students. Civil Engineering questions and answers with explanation for interview, competitive examination, and entrance test. Fully solved examples with detailed answer descriptions, explanations are given and it would be easy to understand, Latest Design of Masonry Structures Questions and Answers

1. If the ratio of center to center spacing of intersecting walls to the actual thickness of

intersecting wall is more than 20, then the stiffening coefficient for wall proper will be

a) 0

b) between 0 and 1

c) 1

d) greater than 1

Ans: d

2. Maximum slenderness ratio of load bearing walls for a dwelling having more than 2 storeys

(i)   shall not exceed 12 if lime mortar is used

(ii) shall not exceed 18 if cement lime mortar 1:2:9 is used

(iii) shall not exceed 24 if cement mortar 1:6 is used Of these statements

a) (i) and (ii) are correct

b) (ii) and (iii) are correct

c) (i) and (iii) are correct

d) (i) and (ii) and (iii) are correct

Ans: a

3. Where a structural component or a system is providing lateral support to five or more walls or columns, the lateral load to be resisted may be taken as

a) 4 percent

b) 5 percent

c) 6 percent

d) 7 percent

of the total vertical load on the most heavily loaded wall or column in the group.

Ans: d

4. The effective height of free standing nonload bearing wall and column respectively will be

a) 1.OH and 1.OH

b) 1.5Handl.5H

c) 2.0Handl.5H

d) 2.0H and 2.0H

where H is the height of wall or column between centers of supports.

Ans: d

5. If H is the height of wall between centers of supports, then the effective height of

wall where concrete floors have a bearing on wall irrespective of the direction of span will be

a) 0.75 H

b) 0.85 H

c) 1.0 H

d) 1.5 H

Ans: a

6. The thickness of each leaf of a cavity wall shall not be less than

a) 5 cm

b) 7.5 cm

c) 10 cm

d) 15 cm

Ans: b

7. If the horizontal cross-sectional area of a wall is 1200 cm2, then the basic stress shall be multiplied by a reduction factor equal to

a) 0 6

b) 0.75

c) 0.85

d) 0.95

Ans: c

8. A free-standing brick wall 20 cm thick is subjected to a wind pressure of 75kg/m2. The maximum height of wall from stability consideration is

a) 0.64 m

b) 0.96 m

c) 1.28 m

d) 1.5 m

Ans:a

9. The bending stress in a wall or column subjected to effective vertical load need

not be considered, if the eccentricity ratio is

a) less than or equal to 1/24

b) less than or equal to 1/6

c) more than 1/24

d) less than or equal to 1/12

Ans:a

10. Assertion

A: For eccentricity ratio exceeding 1/6, the effective thickness of masonry will get reduced.

Reason     R:   For eccentricity ratio exceeding 1/6, there will be tension on one side of the member. Select your answer according to the codes given below:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans: a

11. If the eccentricity ratio is more than 1/24, then an increase in the permissible stress in

the design of the wall subjected to eccentric loading as per code is

a) 10%

b) 25%

c) 33 1/3%

d) 50%

Ans:b

12. For designing masonry components of a structure, seismic forces provision in the

the design calculation is not necessary for buildings constructed in

a) Zone I only

b) Zone I and II

c) Zone I, II, and III

d) Zone I, II, III and IV

Ans:b

13. The mode of failure of a very short masonry member having h/t ratio of less than 4 is by

a) shear

b) vertical tensile splitting

c) buckling

d) any of the above

Ans: a

14. Assertion A: From consideration of structural soundness and economy of design, most codes control the maximum slenderness ratio of masonry walls and columns.

Reason R: By controlling the maximum slenderness ratio, failure is by excessive stress and not by buckling. Select your answer according to the codes given below:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans:a

15.  The timber floor not spanning on the masonry wall but properly anchored to the wall gives

a) lateral   restraint   but   not   rotational restraint

b) rotational   restraint   but   not   lateral restraint

c) both lateral and rotational restraints

d) neither lateral nor rotational restraint

Ans:a

16. Full restraint is provided by

(i)   foundation footing of a wall

(ii) timber floor spanning on the wall and anchored to the wall

(iii) RCC slab with a minimum bearing of 10 cm on the wall Of these statements

a) (i) and (iii) are correct

b) (i) and (ii) are correct

c) (ii) and (iii) are correct

d) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct

Ans:d

17. Minimum thickness of stiffening wall for 1 to 3 stories shall not be less than

a) 10 cm

b) 15 cm

c) 20 cm

d) 30 cm

Ans:a

18. Which of the following will give a higher ratio of brickwork strength to mortar strength?

a) 1 : % : 3

b) 1 : Vz: 4>/2

c) 1:1:6

d) 1:2:9

Ans:d

19. Assertion A : Lime based mortars give higher ratio of brickwork strength to mortar strength as compared to non-lime

mortar.

Reason R : Lime based mortars have lower bond strength as compared to non-lime mortars.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans:c

20. For masonry work with solid bricks, consistency of mortar should be

a) 5 to 8 cm

b) 9 to 13 cm

c) 14 to 18 cm

d) 19 to 23 cm

Ans:b

21. Water retentivity for brick masonry should not be less than

a) 50%

b) 60%

c) 70%

d) 80%

Ans:c

22. Minimum compressive strength in N/mm2 for H1 type mortar used for masonry is

a) 3

b) 5

c) 7.5

d) 10

Ans:d

23. Rich cement mortars are more liable to cracking as compared to lean mortars because rich mortars have

a) high shrinkage

b) less strength

c) both (a) and (b)

d) none of above

Ans:a

24. Cement mortars richer than 1 : 3 are not used in masonry because

(i)   there is no gain in strength of

masonry (ii) there is high shrinkage (iii) they are prone to segregation Of these statements

a) Only (ii) is correct

b) (i) and (ii) are correct

c) (ii) and (iii) are correct

d) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct

Ans:b

25. For earthquake resistant masonry buildings, the vertical distance between

openings one above the other in a load bearing wall shall not be less than

a) 50 cm

b) 60 cm

c) 75 cm

d) 100 cm

Ans:b

26. For earthquake resistant masonry buildings, where seismic coefficient is less than 0.08, the horizontal distance between two openings shall not be less than

a) Vt x height of shorter opening

b) Vt x height of longer opening

c) Ax height of shorter opening

d) Vi x height of longer opening

Ans:a

27. Consider the following statements regarding bands to be provided for strengthening masonry work in masonry buildings constructed in zone III, IV and V. (i)   Lintel band is provided at lintel level

on partition walls, (ii) Gable band is provided at top of gable

masonry below the purlins, (iii) The bands shall be to full width of the

wall and not less than  7.5  cm  in

depth, (iv) The bands shall be made of reinforced

concrete only. Of these statements, the correct statements are

a) (i) and (ii)

b) (i) and (iii)

c) (ii) and (iv)

d) (ii) and (iii)

Ans:d

28. In a cavity wall, both leaves of which are load bearing, the effective thickness is taken as

a) sum of thickness of both leaves

b) two-third of the sum of thickness of both the leaves

c) actual thickness of the stronger leaf

d) larger of (b) and (c)

Ans:d

29. Assertion A : Limiting value of slenderness ratio for a column is less than that of a wall.

Reason R : A column can buckle around either of the two horizontal axes while a wall can buckle around only one axis. Select your answer according to the codes given below:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans:a

30. Consider the following statements regarding provision of chases in masonry,

(i)   No chase should be permitted in a half brick load-bearing wall,

(ii) Vertical chases should not be closer than 2 m in any stretch of a wall,

(iii) Chases should be provided near to bearings of beams and lintels. Of these statements

a) (i) and (ii) are correct

b) (i) and (iii) are correct

c) (ii) and (iii) are correct

d) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct

Ans:a

31. Consider the following statements :

The use of relatively weak mortar

1. will accommodate movements due to loads and, cracking if any, and will be distributed as thin hair cracks which are less noticeable or harmful.

2. will result in reduction of stresses due to differential expansion of masonry units.

Of these statements

a) 1 alone is correct

b) 2 alone is correct

c) both 1 and 2 are correct

d) neither 1 nor 2 is correct

Ans:c

32. In the case of panel wall subjected to horizontal loads at right angles to the plane of the wall, with the mortar not leaner than Ml type, tensile stress in bending in the vertical direction may be allowed to the extent of

a) 0.4 kg/cm2

b) 0.7 kg/cm2

c) 1.0 kg/cm2

d) 1.2 kg/cm2

Ans:c

33. For strengthening a 50 m long and 5 m high straight compound wall built in brick work, which one of the following would be most suitable?

a) providing buttresses at certain intervals

b) providing a deeper foundation

c) using a richer mortar

d) using stronger bricks

Ans:a

34. Consider the following statements : Sand in mortar is needed for

1. decreasing the quantity of cement.

2. reducing shrinkage.

3. decreasing the surface area of the binding material.

4. increasing the strength.

Of these statements:

a) 2, 3 and 4 are correct

b) 1,2 and 3 are correct

c) 1,3 and 4 are correct

d) 1,2 and 4 are correct

Ans:

35. Consider the following statements:

A  high lime content in a composite cement-lime mortar results in

1. slow hardening.

2. quick setting.

3. weaker mortar. Of these statements

a) 2 and 3 are correct

b) 1 and 2 are correct

c) 1 and 3 are correct

d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

Ans:c

36. The mortars used for masonry construction are classified based on strength in IS 2250 and IS 1905 according

to their designations L1,L2, H1, H2, M, M2.

The correct sequence of increasing order

of their strengths is

a) LLLZ.HLHI.MLMJ

b) L2,L,,M2>Mi,H2)H,

c) M,,M2, H,,H2,Li,L2

d) L2,L,,M,,M2,H,,H2

Ans: b

37. Direct load carrying capacity of a brick masonry wall standing freely as against when it supports RC slab will be

a) more

b) less

c) the same in both the cases

d) 100%

Ans:b

38. A 200 mm thick wall made of modular bricks is 5 m long between cross walls and 3.8 m clear height between RCC slabs at top and bottom. The slenderness ratio of the wall is

a) 15

b) 19

c) 20

d) 25

Ans:a

39. A 200 mm thick brick masonry wall made of modular bricks carries an axial load of 30 kN/m from wall above and an eccentric load of 20 kN/m from RCC floor acting at a distance of 47.5 mm from the centre line of the wall. The resultant eccentricity ratio is

a) b) c) d)

0.090

0.095

0.100

0.105

Ans:c

40.The basic stress in masonry units having height to  width  ratio  of  1.5   may  be increased by a factor of

a)    1.2

b) 1.4

c) 1.6

d) 2.0

Ans:c

41. Assertion A : For identical strength, a composite cement-lime mortar is preferred over cement mortar.

Reason R : Composite cement-lime mortar has higher drying shrinkage than cement mortar.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.

Ans:c

42.     Consider the following statements:

1. Masonry in rich cement mortar though having good strength with high shrinkage is much liable for surface cracks.

2. Lime mortar possesses poor workability and poor water retentivity and also suffers high shrinkage.

3. Masonry in lime mortar has better resistance against rain penetration and is less liable to crack when compared to masonry in cement mortar.

Which of these statements are correct?

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 1 and 2

c) 2 and 3

d) 1 and 3

Ans:d

43. For masonry built-in 1:1:6 cement-lime-sand mix mortar or equivalent, the horizontal shear stress permissible on the area of a mortar bed joint is

a) 0.15 MPa

b) 0.125 MPa

c) 0.1 MPa

d) 0.075 MPa

Ans: a