# Transformers Electrical Engineering MCQ Multiple Choice Questions

Transformers Electrical Engineering MCQ Multiple Choice Questions. Prepare Top Interview Questions and Answers for Civil Engineering Interview Questions, Mechanical Engineering Interview Questions, Electrical Engineering Interview Questions, Online preparation tests for Engineering Students. Latest Transformers Interview Questions and Answers

1.  Which of the following does not change in a transformer?

(a)  Current

(b) Voltage

(c) Frequency

(d) All of the above

Ans: c

2.  In a transformer the energy is conveyed from primary to secondary

(a) through cooling coil

(b) through air

(c) by the flux

(d) none of the above

Ans: c

3. A transformer core is laminated to

(a) reduce hysteresis loss

(b) reduce eddy current losses

(c) reduce copper losses

(d) reduce all above losses

Ans: b

4. The degree of mechanical vibrations produced by the laminations of a transformer depends on

(a) tightness of clamping

(b) gauge of laminations

(c) size of laminations

(d)     all of the above

Ans: d

5. The no-load current drawn by transformer is usually what per cent of the full-load current ?

(a) 0.2 to 0.5 per cent

(b) 2 to 5 per cent

(c) 12 to 15 per cent

(d) 20 to 30 per cent

Ans: b

6. The path of a magnetic flux in a transformer should have

(a) high resistance

(b) high reluctance

(c) low resistance

(d) low reluctance

Ans: d

7. No-load on a transformer is carried out to determine

(a) copper loss

(b) magnetising current

(c) magnetising current and loss

(d) efficiency of the transformer

Ans: c

8. The dielectric strength of transformer oil is expected to be

(a)  lkV

(b)  33 kV

(c)  100 kV

(d) 330 kV

Ans: b

9.   Sumpner's test is conducted on trans-formers to determine

(a)     temperature

(b)     stray losses

(c) all-day efficiency

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

10. The permissible flux density in case of cold rolled grain oriented steel is around

(a) 1.7 Wb/m2

(b) 2.7 Wb/m2

(c) 3.7 Wb/m2

(d) 4.7 Wb/m2

Ans: a

11. The efficiency of a transformer will be maximum when

(a) copper losses = hysteresis losses

(b) hysteresis losses = eddy current losses

(c) eddy current losses = copper losses

(d) copper losses = iron losses

Ans: d

12. No-load current in a transformer

(a) lags behind the voltage by about 75°

(c) lags behind the voltage by about 15°

Ans: a

13. The purpose of providing an iron core in a transformer is to

(a) provide support to windings

(b) reduce hysteresis loss

(c) decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path

(d) reduce eddy current losses

Ans: c

14. Which of the following is not a part of transformer installation ?

(a) Conservator

(b) Breather

(c) Buchholz relay

(d) Exciter

Ans: d

15. While conducting short-circuit test on a transformer the following side is short circuited

(a) High voltage side

(b) Low voltage side

(c) Primary side

(d)     Secondary side

Ans: b

16.    In the transformer following winding has got more cross-sectional area

(a) Low voltage winding

(b) High voltage winding

(c) Primary winding

(d)     Secondary winding

Ans: a

17.   A transformer transforms

(a) voltage

(b) current

(c) power

(d) frequency

Ans: c

18. A transformer cannot raise or lower the voltage of a D.C. supply because

(a) there is no need to change the D.C. voltage

(b) a D.C. circuit has more losses

(c) Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction are not valid since the rate of change of flux is zero

(d) none of the above

Ans: c

19. Primary winding of a transformer

(a) is always a low voltage winding

(b) is always a high voltage winding

(c) could either be a low voltage or high voltage winding

(d)     none of the above

Ans: c

20. Which winding in a transformer has more number of turns ?

(a)     Low voltage winding

(b)     High voltage winding

(c) Primary winding

(d) Secondary winding

Ans: b

21. Efficiency of a power transformer is of the order of

(a) 100 per cent

(b) 98 per cent

(c) 50 per cent

(d) 25 per cent

Ans: b

22. In a given transformer for given applied voltage, losses which remain constant irrespective of load changes are

(a) friction and windage losses

(b) copper losses

(c) hysteresis and eddy current losses

(d)     none of the above

Ans: c

23. A common method of cooling a power transformer is

(a) natural air cooling

(b) air blast cooling

(c) oil cooling

(d)     any of the above

Ans: c

24. The no load current in a transformer lags behind the applied voltage by an angle of about

(a) 180°

(b) 120"

(c) 90°

(d) 75°

Ans: d

25. In a transformer routine efficiency depends upon

(a) supply frequency

(d) both (b) and (c)

Ans: d

26. In the transformer the function of a conservator is to

(a) provide fresh  air for cooling the transformer

(b) supply cooling oil to transformer in time of need

(c) protect the transformer from damage when oil expends due to heating

(d) none of the above

Ans: c

27. Natural oil cooling is used for transformers up to a rating of

(a) 3000 kVA

(b) 1000 kVA

(c) 500 kVA

(d) 250 kVA

Ans: a

28. Power transformers are designed to have maximum efficiency at

Ans: a

29. The maximum efficiency of a distribution transformer is

Ans: b

30. Transformer breaths in when

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

31. No-load current of a transformer has

(a) has high magnitude and low power factor

(b) has high magnitude and high power factor

(c) has small magnitude and high power factor

(d) has small magnitude and low power factor

Ans: d

32. Spacers are provided between adjacent coils

(a)     to provide free passage to the cooling oil

(b)     to insulate the coils from each other

(c) both (a) and (b)

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

33. Greater the secondary leakage flux

(a) less will be the secondary induced e.m.f.

(b) less will be the primary induced e.m.f.

(c) less will be the primary terminal voltage

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

34. The purpose of providing iron core in a step-up transformer is

(a)     to provide coupling between primary and secondary

(b) to increase the magnitude of mutual flux

(c) to decrease the magnitude of mag-netizing current

(d) to provide all above features

Ans: c

35. The power transformer is a constant

(a) voltage device

(b) current device

(c) power device

(d) main flux device

Ans: d

36. Two transformers operating in parallel will share the load depending upon their

(a) leakage reactance

(b) per unit impedance

(c) efficiencies

(d)     ratings

Ans: b

37. If R2 is the resistance of secondary winding of the transformer and K is the transformation ratio then the equivalent secondary resistance referred to primary will be

(a) R2/VK

(b) R2IK2

(c) R22!K2

(d) R22/K

Ans: b

38. What will happen if the transformers working in parallel are not connected with regard to polarity ?

(a) The power factor of the two trans-formers will be different from the power factor of common load

(b) Incorrect polarity will result in dead short circuit

(c) The transformers will not share load in proportion to their kVA ratings

(d)     none of the above

Ans: b

39. If the percentage impedances of the two transformers working in parallel are different, then

(a) transformers will be overheated

(b) power factors of both the transformers will be same

(c) parallel operation will be not possible

(d)     parallel operation will still be possible, but the power factors at which the two transformers operate will be different from the power factor of the common load

Ans: d

40. In a transformer the tappings are generally provided on

(a)     primary side

(b)     secondary side

(c) low voltage side

(d) high voltage side

Ans: c

41. The use of higher flux density in the transformer design

(a) reduces weight per kVA

(6) reduces iron losses

(c) reduces copper losses

Ans: a

42. The chemical used in breather for transformer should have the quality of

(a)     ionizing air

(b)     absorbing moisture

(c) cleansing the transformer oil

(d) cooling the transformer oil.

Ans: b

43. The chemical used in breather is

(a) asbestos fiber

(b) silica sand

(c) sodium chloride

(d) silica gel

Ans: d

44. An ideal transformer has infinite values of primary and secondary inductances. The statement is

(a) true

(b) false

Ans: b

45. The transformer ratings are usually expressed in terms of

(a) volts

(b) amperes

(c) kW

(d) kVA

Ans: d

46. The noise resulting from vibrations of laminations set by magnetic forces, is termed as

(a) magnetostrication

(b) boo

(c) hum

(d) zoom

Ans: c

47. Hysteresis loss in a transformer varies as CBmax = maximum flux density)

(a) Bmax

(b) Bmax1-6

(C) Bmax1-83

(d) B max

Ans: b

48. Material used for construction of transformer core is usually

(a) wood

(b) copper

(c) aluminium

(d) silicon steel

Ans: d

49. The thickness of laminations used in a transformer is usually

(a) 0.4 mm to 0.5 mm

(b) 4 mm to 5 mm

(c) 14 mm to 15 mm

(d) 25 mm to 40 mm

Ans: a

50. The function of conservator in a transformer is

(a) to project against'internal fault

(b) to reduce copper as well as core losses

(c) to cool the transformer oil

(d) to take care of the expansion and contraction of transformer oil due to variation of temperature of sur-roundings

Ans: d

51. The highest voltage for transmitting electrical power in India is

(a) 33 kV.

(6) 66 kV

(c) 132 kV

(d) 400 kV

Ans: d

52. In a transformer the resistance between its primary and secondary is

(a) zero

(b) 1 ohm

(c) 1000 ohms

(d) infinite

Ans: d

53. A transformer oil must be free from

(a) sludge

(b) odour

(c) gases

(d) moisture

Ans: d

54. A Buchholz relay can be installed on

(a) auto-transformers

(b) air-cooled transformers

(c) welding transformers

(d) oil cooled transformers

Ans: d

55. Gas is usually not liberated due to dissociation of transformer oil unless the oil temperature exceeds

(a) 50°C

(b) 80°C

(c) 100°C

(d) 150°C

Ans: d

56. The main reason for generation of harmonics in a transformer could be

(b)     poor insulation

(c) mechanical vibrations

(d) saturation of core

Ans: d

57. Distribution transformers are generally designed for maximum efficiency around

Ans: d

58. Which of the following property is not necessarily desirable in the material for transformer core ?

(a)     Mechanical strength

(6)     Low hysteresis loss

(c) High thermal conductivity

(d) High permeability

Ans: c

59. Star/star transformers work satisfactorily when

(c) on balanced as well as unbalanced loads

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

60. Delta/star transformer works satisfactorily when

(c) on balanced as well as unbalanced loads

(d)     none of the above

Ans: c

61. Buchholz's relay gives warning and protection against

(a)     electrical fault inside the transformer itself

(b)     electrical fault outside the transformer in outgoing feeder

(c) for both outside and inside faults

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

62. The magnetising current of a transformer is usually small because it has

(a) small air gap

(b) large leakage flux

(c) laminated silicon steel core

(d) fewer rotating parts

Ans: a

63. Which of the following does not change in an ordinary transformer ?

(a)     Frequency

(b)     Voltage

(c) Current

(d) Any of the above

Ans: a

64. Which of the following properties is not necessarily desirable for the material for transformer core ?

(a) Low hysteresis loss

(b) High permeability

(c) High thermal conductivity

Ans: c

65. The leakage flux in a transformer depends upon

(c) load current, voltage and frequency

(d) load current, voltage, frequency and power factor

Ans: a

66. The path of the magnetic flux in transformer should have

(a) high reluctance

(b) low reactance

(c) high resistance

(d) low resistance

Ans: b

67. Noise level test in a transformer is a

(a)     special test

(b)     routine test

(c) type test

(d) none of the above

Ans: c

68. Which of the following is not a routine test on transformers ?

(a) Core insulation voltage test

(b) Impedance test

(d)     Polarity test

Ans: c

69. A transformer can have zero voltage regulation at

(b) lagging power factor

(c) unity power factor

(d) zero power factor

Ans: a

70. Helical coils can be used on

(a)     low voltage side of high kVA transformers

(b)     high frequency transformers

(c) high voltage side of small capacity transformers

(d) high voltage side of high kVA rating transformers

Ans: a

71. Harmonics in transformer result in

(a) increased core losses

(b) increased I2R losses

(c) magnetic interference with communication circuits

(d) all of the above

Ans: d

72. The core used in high frequency transformer is usually

(a) copper core

(b) cost iron core

(c) air core

(d) mild steel core

Ans: c

73. The full-load copper loss of a trans¬former is 1600 W. At half-load, the copper loss will be

(a) 6400 W

(b) 1600 W

(c) 800 W

(d) 400 W

Ans: d

1.74.   The value of flux involved m the e.m.f. equation of a transformer is

(a)     average value

(b)     r.m.s. value

(c) maximum value

(d) instantaneous value

Ans: c

L.75. Silicon steel used in laminations mainly reduces

(a) hysteresis loss

(b) eddy current losses

(c) copper losses

(d) all of the above

Ans: a

76. Which winding of the transformer has less cross-sectional area ?

(a) Primary winding

(b) Secondary winding

(c) Low voltage winding

(d) High voltage winding

Ans: d

77. Power transformers are generally designed to have maximum efficiency around

Ans: c

.78. Which of the following is the main advantage of an auto-transformer over a two winding transformer ?

(a) Hysteresis losses are reduced

(b) Saving in winding material

(c) Copper losses are negligible

(d) Eddy losses are totally eliminated

Ans: b

79. During short circuit test iron losses are negligible because

(a) the current on secondary side is negligible

(b) the voltage on secondary side does not vary

(c) the voltage applied on primary side is low

(d) full-load current is not supplied to the transformer

Ans: c

80. Two transformers are connected in parallel. These transformers do not have equal percentage impedance. This is likely to result in

(a)     short-circuiting of the secondaries

(b)     power factor of one of the transformers is leading while that of the other lagging

(c) transformers having higher copper losses will have negligible core losses

(d) loading of the transformers not in proportion to their kVA ratings

Ans: d

81. The changes in volume of transformer cooling oil due to variation of atmospheric temperature during day and

night is taken care of by which part of transformer

(a) Conservator

(b) Breather

(c) Bushings

(d) Buchholz relay

Ans: a

82. An ideal transformer is one which has

(a) no losses and magnetic leakage

(b) interleaved primary and secondary windings

(c) a common core for its primary and secondary windings

(d) core of stainless steel and winding of pure copper metal

(e) none of the above

Ans: a

83. When a given transformer is run at its rated voltage but reduced frequency, its

(a) flux density remains unaffected

(b) iron losses are reduced

(c) core flux density is reduced

(d) core flux density is increased

Ans: d

84. In an actual transformer the iron loss remains practically constant from noload to fullload because

(a)     value of transformation ratio remains constant

(b)     permeability of transformer core remains constant

(c) core flux remains practically constant

(d) primary voltage remains constant

(c)     secondary voltage remains constant

Ans: c

85. An ideal transformer will have maximum efficiency at a load such that

(a)     copper loss = iron loss

(b)     copper loss < iron loss

(c) copper loss > iron loss

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

86. If the supply frequency to the transformer is increased,"the iron loss will

(a) not change

(b) decrease

(c) increase

(d) any of the above

Ans: c

87. Negative voltage regulation is indicative that the load is

(a)     capacitive only

(b)     inductive only

(c) inductive or resistive

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

88. Iron loss of a transformer can be measured by

(a) low power factor wattmeter

(b) unity power factor wattmeter

(c) frequency meter

(d) any type of wattmeter

Ans: a

89. When secondary of a current transformer is open-circuited its iron core will be

(a) hot because of heavy iron losses taking place in it due to high flux density

(b) hot because primary will carry heavy current

(c) cool as there is no secondary current

(d) none of above will happen

Ans: a

90. The transformer laminations are insulated from each other by

(a)     mica strip

(6)     thin coat of varnish

(c) paper

(d) any of the above

Ans: b

91. Which type of winding is used in 3phase shell-type transformer ?

(a)     Circular type

(b)     Sandwich type

(c) Cylindrical type

(d) Rectangular type

Ans: b

92. During open circuit test of a transformer

(a) primary is supplied rated voltage

(b) primary is supplied full-load current

(c) primary is supplied current at reduced voltage

(d) primary is supplied rated kVA

Ans: a

93. Open circuit test on transformers is conducted to determine

(a) hysteresis losses

(b) copper losses

(c) core losses

(d) eddy current losses

Ans: c

94. Short circuit test on transformers is conducted to determine

(a)     hysteresis losses

(b)     copper losses

(c) core losses

(d) eddy current losses

Ans: b

95. For the parallel operation of single phase transformers it is necessary that they should have

(a) same efficiency

(b) same polarity

(c) same kVA rating

(d) same number of turns on the secondary side.

Ans: b

96. The transformer oil should have _____ volatility and _____ viscosity.

(a) low,low

(b)  high,high

(c) low,high

(d) high,low

Ans: a

97. The function of breather in a transformer is

(a) to provide oxygen inside the tank

(b) to cool the coils during reduced load

(c) to cool the transformer oil

(d) to arrest flow of moisture when outside air enters the transformer

Ans: d

98. The secondary winding of which of the following transformers is always kept closed ?

(a) Step-up transformer

(b) Step-down transformer

(c) Potential transformer

(d) Current transformer

Ans: d

99. The size of a transformer core will depend on

(a)     frequency

(b)     area of the core

(c) flux density of the core material

(d) (a) and (b) both

Ans: d

100. N atural air coo ling is generally restricted for transformers up to

(a) 1.5 MVA

(b) 5 MVA

(c) 15 MVA

(d) 50 MVA

Ans: a

101. A shell-type transformer has

(a)     high eddy current losses

(b) reduced magnetic leakage

(c) negligibly hysteresis losses

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

102. A transformer can have regulation closer to zero

(d) on zero power factor

Ans: c

103. A transformer transforms

(a)     voltage

(b)     current

(c) current and voltage

(d) power

Ans: d

104. Which of the following is not the standard voltage for power supply in India ?

(a)    llkV

(b)    33kV

(c)    66 kV

(d)    122 kV

Ans: d

105. Reduction in core losses and increase in permeability are obtained with transformer employing

(a) core built-up of laminations of cold rolled grain oriented steel

(b) core built-up of laminations of hot rolled sheet

(c) either of the above

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

106. In a power or distribution transformer about 10 per cent end turns are heavily insulated

(a) to withstand the high voltage drop due to line surge produced by the shunting capacitance of the end turns

(b) to absorb the line surge voltage and save the winding of transformer from damage

(c)     to reflect the line surge and save the winding of a transformer from damage

(d)     none of the above

Ans: a

107. For given applied voltage, with the increase in frequency of the applied voltage

(a) eddy current loss will decrease

(b) eddy current loss will increase

(c)     eddy current loss will remain unchanged

(d)     none of the above

Ans: c

108. Losses which occur in rotating electric machines and do not occur in trans formers are

(a) friction and windage losses

(b) magnetic losses

(c)     hysteresis and eddy current losses

(d)     copper losses

Ans: a

109. In a given transformer for a given applied voltage, losses which remain constant irrespective of load changes are

(a) hysteresis and eddy current losses

(b) friction and windage losses

(c) copper losses

(d)     none of the above

Ans: a

110. Which of the following statements regarding an idel single-phase transformer having a turn ratio of 1 : 2 and

drawing a current of 10 A from 200 V A.C. supply is incorrect ?

(a) Its secondary current is 5 A

(b) Its secondary voltage is 400 V

(c) Its rating is 2 kVA

(d) Its secondary current is 20 A

(e) It is a step-up transformer

Ans: d

111. The secondary of a current transformer is always short-circuited under operating conditions because it

(a) avoids core saturation and high voltage induction

(b) is safe to human beings

(c) protects the primary circuit

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

112. In a transformer the resistance between its primary and secondary should be

(a) zero

(b) 10 Q

(c) 1000 Q

(d) infinity

Ans: d

113. A good voltage regulation of a transformer means

(a) output voltage fluctuation from no load to full load is least

(b) output voltage fluctuation with power factor is least

(c) difference between primary and secondary voltage is least

(d) difference between primary and secondary voltage is maximum

Ans: a

114. For a transformer, operating at constant load current, maximum efficiency will occur at

(b) 0.8 lagging power factor

(c) zero power factor

(d) unity power factor

Ans: d

115. Which of the following protection is normally not provided on small distribution transformers ?

(a) Overfluxing protection

(b) Buchholz relay

(c) Overcurrent protection

(d) All of the above

Ans: b

116. Which of the following acts as a protection against high voltage surges due to lightning and switching ?

(a) Horn gaps

(c) Breather

(d) Conservator

Ans: a

117. The efficiency of two identical transformers under load conditions can be determined by

(a) short-circuit test

(b) back-to-back test

(c) open circuit test

(d) any of the above

Ans: b

118. Which of the following insulating materials can withstand the highest temperature safely ?

(a) Cellulose

(b) Asbestos

(c) Mica

(d) Glass fibre

Ans: c

119. Which of the following parts of a transformer is visible from outside ?

(a) Bushings

(b) Core

(c) Primary winding

(d) Secondary winding

Ans: a

120. The noise produced by a transformer is termed as

(a) zoom

(b) hum

(c) ringing

(d) buzz

Ans: b

121. Which of the following loss in a transformer is zero even at full load ?

(a) Core loss

(b) Friction loss

(c) Eddy current loss

(d) Hysteresis loss

Ans: b

122.   Which of the following is the most likely source of harmonics in a transformer ?

(a) poor insulation

(c) loose connections

(d) Core saturation

Ans: d

123. If a transformer is continuously operated the maximum temperature rise will occur in

(a) core

(b) windings

(c) tank

(d) any of the above

Ans: b

124. The hum in a transformer is mainly attributed to

(b)     oil in the transformer

(c) magnetostriction

(d) mechanical vibrations

Ans: c

125. The maximum load that a power transformer can carry is limited by its

(a) temperature rise

(b) dielectric strength of oil

(c) voltage ratio

(d) copper loss

Ans: c

126. The efficiency of a transformer, under heavy loads, is comparatively low because

(a)     copper loss becomes high in proportion to the output

(b)     iron loss is increased considerably

(c) voltage drop both in primary and secondary becomes large

(d)     secondary output is much less as compared to primary input

Ans: a

127. An open-circuit test on a transformer is conducted primarily to measure

(a) insulation resistance

(b) copper loss

(c)     core loss

(d) total loss

(e)     efficiency

(f)     none of the above

Ans: c

128. A no-load test is performed on a transformer to determine

(a)     core loss

(b)     copper loss

(c) efficiency

(d) magnetising current

(e) magnetising current and loss

Ans: e

129. The voltage transformation ratio of a transformer is equal to the ratio of

(a) primary turns to secondary turns

(b) secondary current to primary current

(c) secondary induced e.m.f. to primary induced e.m.f.

(d) secondary terminal voltage to primary applied voltage

Ans: c

130. Part of the transformer which is most subject to damage from overheating is

(a)     iron core

(b)     copper winding

(c) winding insulation

(d) frame or case

(e) transformer tank

Ans: c

131. If a transformer is switched on to a voltage more than the rated voltage

(a)     its power factor will deteriorate

(b)     its power factor will increase

(c) its power factor will remain unaffected

(d) its power factor will be zero

Ans: a

132. Auto-transformer makes effective saving on copper and copper losses when its transformation ratio is

(a) approximately equal to one

(b) less than one

(c) great than one

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

133. Minimum voltage regulation occurs when the power factor of the load is

(a) unity

(b) lagging

(d) zero

Ans: c

134. In a step-down transformer, there is a change of 15 A in the load current. This results in change of supply current of

(a) less than 15 A

(b) more than 15 A

(c) 15 A

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

135. The efficiencies of transformers compared with that of electric motors of the same power are

(6) much smaller

(c) much higher

(d) somewhat smaller

(e) none of the above

Ans: c