NEET Syllabus 2025: Comprehensive Guide

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a highly competitive exam in India, serving as the gateway for admission to undergraduate medical courses in the country. Administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA), NEET's syllabus encompasses three core subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, with Biology further divided into Botany and Zoology. Each subject carries equal weight, with a total of 720 marks distributed across them.

Subject-wise Syllabus Breakdown


Physics is considered one of the more challenging sections in NEET, requiring a deep understanding of concepts and problem-solving skills. The Physics syllabus is divided into two segments: Class 11 and Class 12 topics.

Class 11 Topics:

  1. Physical World and Measurement
  2. Kinematics
  3. Laws of Motion
  4. Work, Energy, and Power
  5. Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  6. Gravitation
  7. Properties of Bulk Matter
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
  10. Oscillations and Waves

Class 12 Topics:

  1. Electrostatics
  2. Current Electricity
  3. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  4. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  5. Electromagnetic Waves
  6. Optics
  7. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  8. Atoms and Nuclei
  9. Electronic Devices

Marks Distribution: 180 Marks


Chemistry is divided into three parts: Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry. The topics cover a wide range of concepts fundamental to understanding chemical reactions and bonding.

Class 11 Topics:

  1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  2. Structure of Atom
  3. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  4. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  6. Thermodynamics
  7. Equilibrium
  8. Redox Reactions
  9. Hydrogen
  10. s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
  11. Some p-Block Elements
  12. Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  13. Hydrocarbons
  14. Environmental Chemistry

Class 12 Topics:

  1. Solid State
  2. Solutions
  3. Electrochemistry
  4. Chemical Kinetics
  5. Surface Chemistry
  6. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  7. p-Block Elements
  8. d and f Block Elements
  9. Coordination Compounds
  10. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  11. Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
  12. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  13. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  14. Biomolecules
  15. Polymers
  16. Chemistry in Everyday Life

Marks Distribution: 180 Marks


Biology in NEET is divided into Botany and Zoology. This section is vital as it carries a significant portion of the marks and covers a broad range of topics related to the living world.


Class 11 Topics:

  1. Diversity in Living World
  2. Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
  3. Cell Structure and Function
  4. Plant Physiology
  5. Human Physiology

Class 12 Topics:

  1. Reproduction
  2. Genetics and Evolution
  3. Biology and Human Welfare
  4. Biotechnology and Its Applications
  5. Ecology and Environment


Class 11 Topics:

  1. Human Physiology (detailed continuation from Botany)
  2. Animal Kingdom
  3. Structural Organisation in Animals
  4. Biomolecules
  5. Digestion and Absorption
  6. Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  7. Body Fluids and Circulation
  8. Excretory Products and Their Elimination
  9. Locomotion and Movement
  10. Neural Control and Coordination
  11. Chemical Coordination and Integration

Class 12 Topics:

  1. Human Reproduction
  2. Reproductive Health
  3. Evolution: Theories and Evidences
  4. Human Health and Disease
  5. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  6. Microbes in Human Welfare
  7. Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  8. Biotechnology and Its Applications
  9. Organisms and Populations
  10. Ecosystem
  11. Biodiversity and Conservation
  12. Environmental Issues

Marks Distribution: 180 Marks for each section (Botany and Zoology), totaling 360 Marks for Biology.

NEET Exam Pattern

The NEET exam consists of 180 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) distributed equally among Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Each subject contains two sections: Section A with 35 questions and Section B with 15 questions, out of which candidates can attempt any 10.

Key Points:

  • Total Marks: 720
  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Marking Scheme: +4 for each correct answer, -1 for each incorrect answer

Preparation Tips

Know the Syllabus

Thoroughly understanding the NEET syllabus is crucial. Focus on each topic as per the weightage it carries in the exam.

Study Material

Using the right study material is essential. NCERT textbooks for classes 11 and 12 are recommended as they cover the basics comprehensively. Supplement these with reference books and coaching material.

Create a Study Timetable

A well-structured timetable helps in managing time effectively. Allocate specific time slots for each subject and ensure regular revisions.

Practice Regularly

Solving previous years' question papers and taking mock tests helps in understanding the exam pattern and improving time management.

Focus on Weak Areas

Identify and concentrate on weaker sections. Regular practice and revision can help overcome difficulties in these areas.

Maintain Health

Taking care of your physical and mental health is important during the preparation period. Ensure a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate rest.

NEET Exam Pattern 2025

Understanding the exam pattern is crucial for effective preparation. The NEET 2025 exam pattern is as follows:

  • Total Number of Questions: 200 (180 to be attempted)
  • Type of Questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • Total Marks: 720
  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany and Zoology)
  • Marking Scheme: +4 for each correct answer, -1 for each incorrect answer

Each subject will have two sections:

  • Section A: 35 questions
  • Section B: 15 questions (10 out of these 15 questions are to be attempted)

Additional Tips for NEET Preparation

  1. Time Management: Create a balanced study schedule that includes time for learning, revision, and practice.
  2. Mock Tests: Regularly take mock tests to simulate exam conditions and improve time management.
  3. Concept Clarity: Ensure a strong understanding of basic concepts before moving on to advanced topics.
  4. Regular Revision: Allocate specific times for revising each subject to keep concepts fresh in your mind.
  5. Health and Well-being: Maintain a healthy lifestyle with adequate sleep, nutrition, and exercise to keep your mind and body fit for studying.

Changes and Updates

Candidates should note that the syllabus for NEET may undergo changes. It is essential to regularly check the official NEET website or trusted sources like Careers360 for any updates or modifications to the syllabus.

In conclusion, preparing for NEET requires a strategic approach, dedication, and consistent effort. By thoroughly understanding the syllabus, mastering the core concepts, and practicing diligently, candidates can enhance their chances of securing a high score in NEET 2025.


The NEET exam requires a strategic and focused approach to cover the extensive syllabus of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. By understanding the detailed syllabus, following a structured study plan, and practicing consistently, candidates can enhance their chances of scoring high and securing admission to prestigious medical colleges.

For the most up-to-date information and any changes in the syllabus, candidates should regularly check the official NEET website.

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