Current Electricity Electrical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions MCQ

Current Electricity Electrical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions MCQ Prepare Top Interview Questions and Answers for Civil Engineering Interview Questions, Mechanical Engineering Interview Questions, Electrical Engineering Interview Questions, Online preparation tests for Engineering Students. Latest Current Electricity Questions and Answers List-

1. The S.I. unit of power is

(a) Henry 

(b) coulomb

(c) watt 

(d) watt-hour

Ans: c

2. Electric pressure is also called

(a) resistance 

(b) power

(c) voltage 

(d) energy

Ans: c

3. The substances which have a large number of free electrons and offer a low resistance are called

(a)     insulators 

(b)     inductors

(c) semi-conductors

(d) conductors

Ans: d

4. Out of the following which is not a poor conductor?

(a) Cast iron 

(b) Copper

(c) Carbon 

(d) Tungsten

Ans: b

5. Out of the following which is an insulating material?

(a) Copper 

(b) Gold

(c) Silver 

(d) Paper

Ans: d

6. The property of a conductor due to which it passes current is called

(a) resistance 

(b) reluctance

(c) conductance    

(d) inductance

Ans: c

7. Conductance is reciprocal of

(a) resistance 

(b) inductance

(c) reluctance 

(d) capacitance

Ans: a

8. The resistance of a conductor varies inversely as

(a) length

(6) area of cross-section

(c) temperature    

(d) resistivity

Ans: b

9. With rising in temperature the resistance of pure metals

(a) increases 

(b) decreases

(c) first increases and then decreases

(d) remains constant

Ans: a

10. With rising in temperature the resistance of semiconductors

(a)     decreases 

(b)     increases

(c) first increases and then decreases

(d) remains constant

Ans: a

11. The resistance of a copper wire 200 m long is 21 Q. If its thickness (diameter) is 0.44 mm, its specific resistance is around

(a) 1.2 x 10~8 Q-m

(b) 1.4 x 10~8 Q-m

(c) 1.6 x 10""8 Q-m

(d) 1.8 x 10"8 Q-m

Ans: c

12. Three resistances of 10 ohms, 15 ohms, and 30 ohms are connected in parallel.

The total resistance of the combination is

(a) 5 ohms 

(b) 10 ohms

(c) 15 ohms 

(d) 55 ohms


13. An instrument that detects electric current is known as

(a) voltmeter 

(b) rheostat

(c) wattmeter 

(d) galvanometer

Ans: d

14. In a circuit a 33 Q resistor carries a current of 2 A. The voltage across the

resistor is

(a) 33 V 

(b) 66 v

(c) 80 V 

(d) 132 V

Ans: b

15. A light bulb draws 300 mA when the voltage across it is 240 V. The resistance of the light bulb is

(a) 400 Q 

(b) 600 Q

(c) 800 Q 

(d) 1000 Q

Ans: c

16. The resistance of a parallel circuit consisting of two branches is 12 ohms. If the resistance of one branch is 18 ohms, what is the resistance of the other?

(a) 18 Q 

(b) 36 Q

(c) 48 Q 

(d) 64 Q

Ans: b

17. Four wires of the same material, the same cross-sectional area, and the same length when connected in parallel give a resistance of 0.25 Q. If the same four wires are connected in series the effective resistance will be

(a) 1 Q 

(b) 2 Q

(c) 3 Q 

(d) 4 Q

Ans: d

18. A current of 16 amperes divides between two branches in parallel of resistances 8 ohms and 12 ohms

respectively. The current in each branch is

(a) 6.4 A, 6.9 A    

(b) 6.4 A, 9.6 A

(c) 4.6 A, 6.9 A    

(d) 4.6 A, 9.6 A

Ans: b

19. Current velocity through a copper conductor is

(a) the same as propagation velocity of electric energy

(b) independent of current strength

(c) of the order of a few ^.s/m

(d) nearly 3 x 108 m/s

Ans: c

20. Which of the following material has nearly zero temperature coefficient of resistance?

(a) Manganin 

(b) Porcelain

(c) Carbon 

(d) Copper

Ans: a

21. You have to replace the 1500 Q resistor in the radio. You have no 1500 Q resistor but have several 1000 Q ones which you would connect

(a) two in parallel

(b) two in parallel and one in series

(c) three in parallel

(d) three in series

Ans: b

22. Two resistors are said to be connected in series when

(a) the same current passes in turn through both

(b) both carry the same value of current

(c) total current equals the sum of branch currents

(d) the sum of IR drops equals the applied e.m.f.

Ans: a

23. Which of the following statement is true both for a series and a parallel D.C. circuit?

(a) Elements have individual currents

(b) Currents are additive

(c) Voltages are additive

(d) Power are additive

Ans: d

24. Which of the following materials has a negative temperature coefficient of resistance?

(a) Copper 

(b) Aluminum

(c) Carbon 

(d) Brass

Ans: c

25. Ohm's law is not applicable to

(a) vacuum tubes

(b) carbon resistors

(c) high voltage circuits

(d) circuits with low current densities

Ans: a

26. Which is the best conductor of electricity?

(a) Iron 

(b) Silver

(c) Copper 

(d) Carbon

Ans: b

27. For which of the following 'ampere second' could be the unit?

(a) Reluctance      

(b) Charge

(c) Power 

(d) Energy

Ans: b

28. All of the following are equivalent to watt except

(a) (amperes)  ohm

(b) joules/sec. 

(c)     amperes x volts

(d) amperes/volt

Ans: d

29. A resistance having rating of 10 ohms, 10 W is likely to be a

(a) metallic resistor

(b) carbon resistor

(c) wire wound resistor

(d) variable resistor

Ans: c

30. Which one of the following does not have a negative temperature coefficient ?

(a) Aluminium      

(b) Paper

(c) Rubber 

(d) Mica

Ans: a

31. Varistors are

(a)     insulators

(6)     non-linear resistors

(c) carbon resistors

(d) resistors with zero temperature coefficient

Ans: b

32. Insulating materials have the function of

(a)     preventing a short circuit between conducting wires

(b)     preventing an open circuit between the voltage source and the load

(c) conducting very large currents

(d) storing very high currents

Ans: b

33. The rating of a fuse wire is always expressed in

(a) ampere-hours

(b) ampere-volts

(c) kWh 

(d) amperes

Ans: d

34. The minimum charge on an ion is

(a) equal to the atomic number of the atom

(b) equal to the charge of an electron

(c) equal to the charge of the number of electrons in an atom (#) zero

Ans: b

35. In a series circuit with unequal resistances

(a) the highest resistance has the most of the current through it

(b) the  lowest resistance has the highest voltage drop

(c) the  lowest resistance has the highest current

(d) the highest resistance has the highest voltage drop

Ans: d

36. The filament of an electric bulb is made of

(a) carbon 

(b) aluminum

(c) tungsten 

(d) nickel

Ans: c

37. A 3 Q resistor having 2 A current will dissipate the power of

(a) 2 watts 

(b) 4 watts

(c) 6 watts 

(d) 8 watts

Ans: c

38. Which of the following statement is true?

(a) A galvanometer with low resistance in parallel is a voltmeter

(b) A galvanometer with high resistance in parallel is a voltmeter

(c) A galvanometer with low resistance in series is an ammeter

(d)     A galvanometer with high resistance in series is an ammeter

Ans: c

39. The resistance of a few meters of wire conductor in a closed electrical circuit is

(a) practically zero

(b) low

(c) high 

(d) very high

Ans: a

40. If a parallel circuit is opened in the mainline, the current

(a) increases in the branch of the lowest resistance

(b) increases in each branch

(c) is zero in all branches

(d) is zero in the highest resistive branch

Ans: c

41. If a wire conductor of 0.2-ohm resistance is doubled in length, its resistance becomes

(a) 0.4 ohm 

(b) 0.6 ohm

(c) 0.8 ohm 

(d) 1.0 ohm

Ans: a

42. Three 60 W bulbs are in parallel across the 60 V power line. If one bulb burns open

(a) there will be heavy current in the mainline

(b) rest of the two bulbs will not light

(c) all three bulbs will light

(d) the other two bulbs will light

Ans: d

43. The four bulbs of 40 W each are connected in series swift a battery across them, which of the following statement is true?

(a) The current through each bulb in same

(b) The voltage across each bulb is not the same

(c) The power dissipation in each bulb is not the same

(d) None of the above

Ans: a

44. Two resistances Rl and Ri are connected in series across the voltage source where Rl>Ri. The largest drop will be across

(a) Rl 

(b) Ri

(c) either Rl or Ri

(d) none of them

Ans: a

45. What will be energy used by the battery if the battery has to drive 6.28 x 1018 electrons with a potential difference of 20 V across the terminal?

(a) 5 joules 

(b) 10 joules

(c) 15 joules 

(d) 20 joules


46. A closed switch has a resistance of

(a) zero 

(b) about 50 ohms

(c) about 500 ohms

(d) infinity

Ans: a

47. The hot resistance of the bulb's filament is higher than its cold resistance because the temperature co-efficient of the filament is

(a) zero 

(b) negative

(c) positive

(d) about 2 ohms per degree

Ans: c

48. Heat in a conductor is produced on the passage of electric current due to

(a) reactance 

(b) capacitance

(c) impedance 

(d) resistance


49. The insulation on a current-carrying conductor is provided

(a) to prevent leakage of current

(b) to prevent shock

(c) both of the above factors

(d) none of the above factors

Ans: c

50. The thickness of insulation provided on the conductor depends on

(a) the magnitude of voltage on the conductor

(b) the magnitude of current flowing through it

(c) both (a) and (b)

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

51. Which of the following quantities remain the same in all parts of a series circuit?

(a) Voltage 

(b) Current

(c) Power 

(d) Resistance

Ans: b

52. A 40 W bulb is connected in series with a room heater. If now 40 W bulb is replaced by 100 W bulb, the heater output will

(a) decrease 

(b) increase

(c) remain same

(d) heater will burn out

Ans: b

53. In electric kettle water boils in 10 m minutes. It is required to boil the boiler in 15 minutes, using the same supply mains

(a) length of heating element should be decreased

(b) length of heating element should be increased

(c) length of the heating element has no effect on heating if water

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

54. An electric filament bulb can be worked from

(a) D.C. supply only

(b) A.C. supply only

(c) Battery supply only

(d) All above

Ans: d

55. Resistance of a tungsten lamp as applied voltage increases

(a) decreases 

(b) increases

(c) remains same

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

56. Electric current passing through the circuit produces

(a)  magnetic effect

(b) luminous effect

(c)  thermal effect  

(d) chemical effect

(e) all above effects

Ans: c

57. Resistance of material always decreases if

(a) the temperature of the material is decreased

(b) the temperature of the material is increased

(c) number of free electrons available become more

(d) none of the above is correct

Ans: c

58. If the efficiency of a machine is to be high, what should be low?

(a) Input power

(b) Losses

(c) True component of power

(d) kWh consumed

(e) Ratio of output to input

Ans: b

59. When an electric current passes through a metallic conductor, its temperature rises. This is due to

(a) collisions between conduction electrons and atoms

(b) the release of conduction electrons from parent atoms

(c) mutual collisions between metal atoms

(d) mutual collisions between conducting electrons

Ans: a

60. Two bulbs of 500 W and 200 W rated at 250 V will have a resistance ratio as

(a) 4 : 25 

(b) 25 : 4

(c) 2 : 5 

(d) 5 : 2

Ans: c

61. A glass rod when rubbed with silk cloth is charged because

(a) it takes in proton

(b) its atoms are removed

(c) it gives away electrons

(d) it gives an away a positive charge

Ans: c

62. Whether circuit may be AC. or D.C. one, following is most effective in reducing the magnitude of the current.

(a) Reactor 

(b) Capacitor

(c) Inductor 

(d) Resistor

Ans: d

63. It becomes more difficult to remove

(a) any electron from the orbit

(6) first electron from the orbit

(c) a second electron from the orbit

(d) a third electron from the orbit

Ans: d

64. When one leg of the parallel circuit is opened out the total current will

(a) reduce 

(b) increase

(c) decrease 

(d) become zero

Ans: c

65. In a lamp load when more than one lamp is switched on the total resistance of the load

(a) increases 

(b) decreases

(c) remains same

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

66. Two lamps 100 W and 40 W are connected in series across 230 V (alternating). Which of the following statement is correct?

(a)     100 W lamp will glow brighter

(b)     40 W lamp will glow brighter

(c) Both lamps will glow equally bright

(d) 40 W lamp will fuse

Ans: b

67. Resistance of 220 V, 100 W lamp will be

(a) 4.84 Q 

(b) 48.4 Q

(c) 484 ft 

(d) 4840 Q

Ans: c

68. In the case of direct current

(a) magnitude and direction of current remains constant

(b) magnitude and direction of current changes with time

(c) the magnitude of current changes with time

(d) the magnitude of current remains constant

Ans: a

69. When an electric current passes through a bucket full of water, a lot of bubbling is observed. This suggests that the type of supply is

(a) A.C. 

(b) D.C.

(c) any of the above two

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

70. Resistance of carbon filament lamp as the applied voltage increases.

(a) increases 

(b) decreases

(c) remains same

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

71. Bulbs in street lighting are all connected in

(a) parallel 

(b) series

(c) series-parallel

(d) end-to-end

Ans: a

72. For testing appliances, the wattage of the test lamp should be

(a) very low 

(b) low

(c) high 

(d) any value

Ans: c

73. Switching of a lamp in the house produces noise in the radio. This is because switching operation produces

(a) arcs across separating contacts

(b) mechanical noise of high intensity

(c) both mechanical noise and arc between contacts

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

74. Sparking occurs when a load is switched off because the circuit has high

(a) resistance 

(b) inductance

(c) capacitance      

(d) impedance

Ans: b

75. Copper wire of certain length and resistance is drawn out to three times its length without change in volume, the new resistance of wire becomes

(a) 1/9 times 

(b) 3 times

(e) 9 times 

(d) unchanged

Ans: c

76. When the resistance element of a heater fuses and then we reconnect it after removing a portion of it, the power of the heater will

(a) decrease 

(b) increase

(c) remain constant

(d) none of the above

Ans: b

77. A field of force can exist only between

(a) two molecules

(b) two ions

(c) two atoms

(d) two metal particles

Ans: b

78. A substance whose molecules consist of dissimilar atoms is called

(a) semi-conductor

(b) super-conductor

(c) compound 

(d) insulator

Ans: c

79. International ohm is defined in terms of the resistance of

(a) a column of mercury

(b) a cube of carbon

(c) a cube of copper

(d) the unit length of wire

Ans: a

80. Three identical resistors are first connected in parallel and then in series.

The resultant resistance of the first combination to the second will be

(a) 9 times 

(b) 1/9 times

(c) 1/3 times 

(d) 3 times

Ans: b

91. Which method can be used for the absolute measurement of resistances?

(a) Lorentz method

(b) Raleigh method

(c) Ohm's law method

(d) Wheatstone bridge method

Ans: d

92. Three 6 ohm resistors are connected to form a triangle. What is the resistance between any two corners?

(a) 3/2 Q 

(b  6 Q

(c) 4 Q 

(d) 8/3 Q

Ans: c

93. Ohm's law is not applicable to

(a) semi-conductors

(b) D.C. circuits

(c) small resistors

(d) high currents

Ans: a

94. Two copper conductors have equal length. The cross-sectional area of one conductor is four times that of the other. If the conductor has a smaller cross-sectional area has a resistance of 40 ohms the resistance of other conductors will be

(a) 160 ohms 

(b) 80 ohms

(c) 20 ohms 

(d) 10 ohms

Ans: d

95. A nichrome wire used as a heater coil has a resistance of 2 £2/m. For a heater of 1 kW at 200 V, the length of wire required will be

(a) 80 m 

(b) 60 m

(c) 40 m 

(d) 20 m

Ans: a

96. Temperature coefficient of resistance is expressed in terms of

(a) ohms/°C 

(b) mhos/ohm°C

(e) ohms/ohm°C    

(d) mhos/°C

Ans: c

97. Which of the following materials has the least resistivity?

(a) Zinc 

(b) Lead

(c) Mercury 

(d) Copper


98. When current flows through heater coil it glows but supply wiring does not glow because

(a) current through supply line flows at a slower speed

(b) supply wiring is covered with an insulation layer

(c) resistance of heater coil is more than the supply wires

(d) supply wires are made of superior material

Ans: c

99. The condition for the validity under Ohm's law is that

(a) resistance must be uniform

(b) current should be proportional to the size of the resistance

(c) resistance must be wire wound type

(d) the temperature at the positive end should be more than the temperature at the negative end

Ans: a

100. Which of the following statement is correct?

(a) A semi-conductor is a material whose conductivity is the same as between that of a conductor and an insulator

(b) A semiconductor is a material that has conductivity having an average value of conductivity of metal and insulator

(c) A semi-conductor is one that conducts only half of the applied voltage

(d) A semiconductor is a material made of alternate layers of conducting material and insulator

Ans: a

101. A rheostat differs from a potentiometer in the respect that it

(a) has a lower wattage rating

(b) has a higher wattage rating

(c) has a large number of turns

(d) offers a large number of tapping

Ans: b

102. The weight of an aluminum conductor as compared to a copper conductor of identical cross-section, for the same electrical resistance, is

(a) 50% 

(b) 60%

(c) 100% 

(d) 150%

Ans: a

103. An open resistor, when checked with an ohm-meter reads

(a) zero 

(b) infinite

(c) high but within tolerance

(d) low but not zero

Ans: b

104. are the materials having electrical conductivity much less than most of the metals but much greater than that of typical insulators.

(a) Varistors 

(b) Thermistor

(c) Semi-conductors

(d) Variable resistors

Ans: c

105. All good conductors have high

(a) conductance    

(b) resistance

(c) reluctance

(d) thermal conductivity

Ans: a

106. Voltage-dependent resistors are usually made from

(a) charcoal 

(b) silicon carbide

(c) nichrome 

(d) graphite

Ans: c

107. Voltage-dependent resistors are used

(a)  for inductive circuits

(b) to suppress surges

(c) as heating elements

(d) as current stabilizers

Ans: b

108. The ratio of the mass of the proton to that of the electron is nearly

(a) 1840 

(b) 1840

(c) 30 

(d) 4

Ans: a

109. The number of electrons in the outermost orbit of the carbon atom is

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 6 

(d) 7

Ans: b

110. With three resistances connected in parallel, if each dissipates 20 W the total power supplied by the voltage source equals

(a) 10 W 

(b) 20 W

(c) 40 W 

(d) 60 W

Ans: d

111. A thermistor has

(a) positive temperature coefficient

(b) negative temperature coefficient

(c) zero temperature coefficient

(d) variable temperature coefficient

Ans: c

112. If/, R, and t are the current, resistance, and time respectively, then according to Joule's law heat produced will be proportional to

(a) I2Rt 

(b) I2Rf

(c) I2R2t 

(d) I2R2t*

Ans: a

113. Nichrome wire is an alloy of

(a) lead and zinc

(b) chromium and vanadium

(c) nickel and chromium

(d) copper and silver

Ans: c

114. When a voltage of one volt is applied, a circuit allows one-microampere current to flow through it. The conductance of the circuit is

(a) 1 n-mho 

(b) 106 mho

(c) 1 milli-mho

(d) none of the above

Ans: a

115. Which of the following can have a negative temperature coefficient?

(a) Compounds of silver

(6) Liquid metals

(c) Metallic alloys

(d) Electrolytes

Ans: d

116. Conductance: mho::

(a) resistance: ohm

(b) capacitance: henry

(c) inductance: farad

(d) lumen: steradian

Ans: a

117. 1 angstrom is equal to

(a) 10-8 mm 

(6) 10"6 cm

(c) 10"10 m 

(d) 10~14 m

Ans: c

118. One newton meter is the same as

(a) one watt 

(b) one joule

(c) five joules 

(d) one joule second

Ans: b

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